Individual Tax Planning 2021

By June 6, 2021Uncategorized

Individual Tax Planning 2021

 

Personal Tax Rate Changes

From 1 July 2020, the top threshold of the 19% personal income tax bracket is increased from $37,000 to $45,000 and the top threshold of the 32.5% bracket is increased from $90,000 to $120,000


Income Tax Instalment (PAYGI) Concessions

Due to COVID-19 impacts, the ATO will allow you to vary your installments down to $NIL if you think using the current amount or rate will result in you paying too much compared to your estimated tax for the year.

Furthermore, if you vary your installment amount or rate you can claim a credit for installments you have already paid this year.

Under normal circumstances there would be penalties and interest for any shortfall when lodging your annual tax return.


Income Tax Instalment (PAYGW and PAYGI) Variations

Calculate whether the PAYG installment for the final quarter or final month of the year can be varied based on your estimated tax position for the year.

Consider applying for a PAYG withholding variation for the year commencing 1 July, if the normal withholding rate leads to a large refund at the end of the income year because of your tax-deductible expenses being higher than normal. This can quite often occur with negatively geared investments.


Work Related Vehicle

There are now only two methods which can be used to claim a motor vehicle deduction.  These are:

  • A single flat rate cents per kilometre method for up to 5,000 business kms per year
  • Logbook method (must be kept over 12 continuous weeks and updated every five years)

Rental Properties

Quantity Surveyor Reports

It may be worthwhile obtaining a quantity surveyor report, so you can claim a deduction for the construction costs and decline in value of any depreciable assets (note restrictions apply from 1 July 2017).  A report for a simple residential property can cost around $700. These costs are also tax deductible.

Prepayments

Ensure any outgoings such as strata, rates, insurance and interest are paid prior to 30 June for a deduction to apply in the current financial year.

Travel

From 1 July 2017 you are no longer be able to claim travel expenses incurred to inspect residential rental properties.  Such disallowed travel deductions will also not be included in the cost base or reduced cost base of the rental property.

Land Tax

If you own property (excluding your principal place of residence) and the combined value of the land is greater than the land tax threshold, you will need to register for land tax.

NSW Land Tax liability is calculated as at 31 December each year based on the following thresholds:

Taxable value of land ($)

Land tax payable ($)

Not more than 755,000

NIL

More than 755,000 but not more than 4,616,000

100 + 1.6% of the excess over 755,000

More than 4,616,000

61,876 + 2% of the excess over 4,616,000

NSW Land Tax (Concessions)

A new 25% reduction in 2021 land tax on land leased to retail tenants with annual turnover of up to $5 million where the rent is reduced over the period 1 January 2021 to 28 March 2021

COVID-19 relief can be applied to reduce land tax payable for 2020, by up to 25 per cent, for a taxable parcel of land where equivalent rent relief has been given to the tenant who occupies that land.

Landowners eligible for the reduction may also defer their land tax payments by up to three months


Work-Related Travel

Special substantiation rules apply to expenses in relation to overseas and domestic travel.  The effect of the substantiation rules is that travel expenses are not deductible unless the following two conditions are satisfied:

  • Written Evidence – Business travel expense, involving staying away from home for at least one night must be substantiated by documentary evidence such as a receipt, invoice or similar document from the supplier
  • Travel Diary – You must keep a travel diary (or similar document) for travel involving being away from your usual place of residence for a continuous period of six or more nights

Personal Service Income (PSI)

PSI measures are designed to limit the deductions available to certain contractors, whether operating as a sole-trader or through a company, trust or partnership.

However if you satisfy specified tests you will be treated as carrying on a Personal Services Business (PSB) and allowed to claim a wider range of deductions.

If you are operating a PSB you need to be aware of the strict approach to income retention and income splitting.


Non-Commercial Losses

For a business to be commercial under the “non-commercial losses tests”, the business needs to meet certain prescribed tests.

If the tests are not met, any losses arising from the activities must be carried forward and offset in a later year against future income from the same type of source.

If you satisfy any or all of the non-commercial business loss rules, but your adjusted taxable income is greater than $250,000, you are still not entitled to offset these losses against your other assessable income. These losses will be deferred for use in future years.

There are special rules for Primary Production businesses.


Government Co-Contribution

Individuals earning between the relevant thresholds below may be eligible for the government co-contribution payment of up to $500 if a personal (after tax) contribution of at least $1,000 is made into superannuation.

Year

Max Entitlement

Lower Threshold

Premium Threshold

2021

$500

$39,837

$54,837

2020

$500

$38,564

$53,564

2019

$500

$38,564

$52,697


Super Contribution Deductions

We suggest that any super contributions you plan to claim a tax deduction for are made by 25 June each year and a Notice of Intent to Claim Form is completed.

Internet transfers of contributions are not considered paid until they reach the super fund’s bank account and if left too late may trigger the following year cap limits inadvertently.


Concessional Super Contribution Caps (Tax Deductible) 

Age of member

2019 FY Cap

2020 FY Cap

2021 FY Cap

Under 65

$25,000

$25,000

$25,000

Over 65 (subject to eligibility)

$25,000

$25,000

$25,000

Carry-forward mode (See below)

N/A

Available

Available

From 1 July 2018, members can make ‘carry-forward’ concessional super contributions if they have a total superannuation balance of less than $500,000.

Members can access their unused concessional contributions caps on a rolling basis for five years. Amounts carried forward that have not been used after five years will expire.

The first year in which you can access unused concessional contributions is the 2019–20 financial year.

If you exceed the concessional contributions cap, any excess concessional contributions will be included in your assessable income and taxed at your marginal tax rate less 15% tax offset (and subject to interest charge).


Non-Concessional Contribution Caps (No Tax Deduction) 

Type

Member’s Total Super Balance @ 30 June

Amount of Cap

Standard

<$1.6M

>$1.6M

$100,000

Nil

Bring-Forward rule
(< 65 yrs & Balance < $500K)

< $1.4M

$1.4M to < $1.5M

$1.5M to < $1.6M

>$1.6M

$300,000 over 3 years

$200,000 over 2 years

$100,00

Nil


Additional Super Contributions Tax (Division 293) 

Individuals with income exceeding $250,000 are liable to an additional 15% contributions tax (i.e. bringing the total rate to 30%) on concessional contributions. You should take this into consideration when making superannuation contributions prior to year-end.


Interest Expenses

If you are an individual and have to pay interest expense which is not incurred in carrying on a business, you can prepay your interest expense in the year and get the full deduction in the year.

Note the interest cannot be prepaid for more than 12 months and the prepayment period must end in the next financial year.


Donations

To claim a tax deduction for donations of $2 or more, the donation must be made to a “deductible gift recipient” and a donation receipt obtained. Note raffle tickets and gifts purchased are not tax deductible.


Medicare Levy Surcharge (MLS) & Private Health Insurance Rebate (PHIR) 

The thresholds for the imposition of the MLS if you are not covered by private hospital insurance are as follows:

  • Singles (no dependants) – $90,000
  • Families – $180,000 (plus $1,500 for each dependent child after the first)

The surcharge rates range from 1% up to 1.5% depending on 3 ties of income thresholds starting from the ones above.


Salary Sacrifice

To ensure the salary sacrifice strategy is effective for your circumstances, the benefits received must be taxed at a lower rate than your salary under the Fringe benefits Tax (FBT) rules. You must also ensure that the salary packaging arrangements are entered into before the services are performed or before the salary review time. Due to the varying calculations for different benefits under the FBT rules, we are happy to discuss whether a salary sacrifice arrangement is beneficial for you.


Tax File Number withholding

Ensure banks are advised of your TFN where you are receiving large interest payments. Every year we see a refund on TFN withholding from interest income meaning you are losing the benefit of using this cash throughout the year.


Tax Free Threshold

The tax-free threshold is $18,200. You can earn slightly more than the threshold before any income tax is payable, when considering both the Low-Income Tax Offset (LITO) and the Low & Middle Income Tax Offset (LMITO).


Low & Middle Income Tax Offset (LMITO)

LMITO is a maximum $1,080 and phases out at the rate of $0.03 for each dollar of taxable income over $90,000.


Other Annual Considerations

Please contact us if you require assistance in reviewing and updating any of the items below:

  • Wills, Powers of Attorney & Guardianships
  • Current mortgage interest rate and terms review
  • Unclaimed super or other unclaimed monies
The material and contents provided are informative in nature only.  It is not intended to be advice and you should not act specifically on the basis of this information alone.  If expert assistance is required, professional accounting advice should be obtained. We are here to help, contact us today: admin@theCAgroup.com.au

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